Views: 782 Downloads: 1462

Perspective of Secondary Teachers in the Utilization of Science Strategic Intervention Material (SIM) in Increasing Learning Proficiency of Students in Science Education

Leo Peter Narciza Dacumos


The phenomenological research investigated the perspectives and experiences of five science teachers on using strategic intervention material (SIM) in their respective science classes. The use of these materials is important towards achieving the needed competencies of the students which they failedto achieve in regular classroom instruction. A total of five science teachers were recruited from different schools in Baguio provided that they were able to craft or at least to utilize science SIM. The research indicated that the teachers held variety of views of SIM integration. These views influenced their use of SIM in the classroom, especially during remediation sessions as an abridgement and re-teaching tool. They view that SIM will promote autonomous learning and memory enhancement among learners to better their performance in understanding many complicated concepts and skills in science. However, despite these advantages, teachers encounter barriers during preparation and implementation proper of the SIM.

Full Text:



Anderson, C.W., Sheldon, T.H., & DuBay, J. (1990). The effect of instruction on college nonmajors’ conceptions of photosynthesis and respiration. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (8), 761-776

Belzile, B. (2015). Developing tutorials for several institutional partners: A real challenge. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, 41(31). Retrieved from

Bunagan, F. (2012). Science intervention material. Retrieved from

Bradley, S. (2012). The value of theoretical and practical knowledge. Retrieved from

Creswell, J. (2003). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications

Dacumos, L. (2015). Personality styles, stress-coping mechanisms and academic performance of grade nine students in science. Manuscript submitted for publication Dela Cruz, R. S. (2012). The science dilemma in Philippine schools. Retrieved from

Dunlosky, J., Rawson, K., Marsh, E., Nathan, M., & Willingham, D. (2013). Improving students’ learning with effective learning techniques: Promising directions from cognitive and educational psychology. Psychological Science in the Public Interest. Sage Publications. Retrieved from

Dy, L. (2011). Teaching Physics through strategic intervention materials. Retrieved from EFA Global monitoring report 2005. Retrieved from

Eison, J. (2010). Using active learning instructional strategies to create excitement and enhance learning. Retrieved from

Elkington, J. (2015). Should governments make emerging technologies a priority? Retrieved from

GreenBiz website:

Escoreal, A. (2012). Strategic intervention material: A tool to reduce least learned skills in grade 4 science.

Faulkner, S.S. & Faulkner, C. (2009). Research methods for social workers:Practice-based approach. Morehead State University. Lyceum Books Inc.

Ganem, J. (2012). Why science is hard. Retrieved from

Gultiano, A. (2012). Effects of strategic intervention material (SIM) on the academic achievements in Chemistry of public high school students. Retrieved from

Hatch, J. (2002). Doing qualitative research in education settings. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press

Heck, R. H., Larsen, T. J., & Marcoulides, G. A. (1990). Instructional leadership and school achievement: Validation of a causal model. Educational Administration Quarterly, 26, 94-125.

International student achievement in Science (2012). Retrieved from

Kelly, E. (1994). Memory enhancement for educators. Retrieved from

Kimberlin, C. & Winterstein, A. (2008). Validity and reliability of measurement instruments used

in research. Retrieved from

Klemm, W. (2005). Memorization is not a dirty word. Retrieved from

Lincoln, Y.S., & Guba, E.G (1985). Naturalistic inquire. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications

Madougall, M. (2008). Ten tips for promoting autonomous learning and effective engagement in the teaching of statistics to undergraduate medical students involved in short-term research projects. Retrieved from,issue-3/pdfs/macdougall.pdf

Mueller, J. (2014). Authentic assessment toolbox. Retrieved from http://jfmueller.faculty.noctrl.


Oates, J., Kwiatkowski, R., & Coulthard, L.M. (2009). Code of human research ethics. Retrieved


Ogbu, J. (2015). Influences of inadequate instructional materials and facilities in teaching and learning of electrical/electronictechnology education courses. Journal of Education and Practice. 6(33), 39-46. Retrieved from

Ogena, E.B., Lana, R.D., & Sasota, R.S. (2010). Performance of Philippine high schools with special curriculum in the 2008 trends in international mathematics and science study (TIMSS-Advanced). Retrieved from

Olawale, S. (2013). The use of instructional materials for effective learning of Islamic studies. International Journal of Jihat al-Islam, 6, No.2

Orji, U. E., & Abolarin, E. (2012). Strategies for enhancing teacher competence and quality of classroom instruction. Global Voice of Educators, 1(1), 1 - 6. Retrieved from

Oteyza, K. O. (2012). Enhanced K to 12 basic education program: Opportunities and challenges economic issue of the day. Philippine Institute for Development Studies. Retrieved from

Policy guidelines on addressing learning gaps and implementing areading and writing program in secondary schools effective school year (SY) 2012-2013, DepEd OrderNo. 39, S. 2012. Retrieved from

Salem al-amarat, M. (2011). The classroom problems faced teachers at the public schools in Tafila Province, and proposed solutions. Retrieved from

Salviejo, E., Aranes, F. & Espinosa, A. (2014). Strategic intervention material-based instruction, learning approach and students’ performance in chemistry. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Education Research, 2(1), 91-123.

Selahattin, A. & Ilknur, O. (2010). Prospective teachers’ skills in planning and applying learning-teaching process. Retrieved from

Streubert-Speziale, H.J. & Carpenter, D.R. (2003). Phenomenology as method. Philadelphhia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Venezky, R. L., & Winfield, L. F. (1979). Schools that succeed beyond expectations in teaching reading (Tech. Rep. No. 1). Newark: University of Delaware, Studies in Education.

Wallace, J. & Louden, W. (2005). Dilemmas of science teaching: Perspectives on problems of practice. Retrieved from

Weselby, C. (2016). What is differentiated instruction? Examples of how to differentiate instruction in the classroom. Retrieved from

Wiles, R., Crow, G., Heath, S., & Charles, V. (2006) Research methods:Anonymity and confidentiality.

Retrieved from

Yan, S. (2012). Teachers’ role in autonomous learning. Retrieved from http://www.macrothink.

org/journal/index.php/jsr/article/view-File/2860/23712011-12 National achievement test: Year four institutional performance profile. Retrieved from


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Philippines License.

time web analytics